Using a bed bug steamer to kill bed bugs and get rid of bed bugs in your home is environmentally safe and highly effective. Bed bugs cannot tolerate heat above 120 degrees, and a bed bug steamer will kill bed bugs on contact. Even better, steam can penetrate into hard to reach areas and through the cloth wrappers of mattresses and box springs to kill bed bugs hiding inside as well.
While highly effective, steamers are not inexpensive, but certainly not near as expensive as bringing in a professional bed bug exterminator. Using a bed bug steamer is at the top of the list for do it yourself bed bug treatment options, it works and is safe.
In this article:
The advantages of a bed bug steamer:
While using a bed bug steamer is a highly effective bed bug treatment strategy, there are some disadvantages you need to be aware of:
There are tons of threads on internet forums where people are complaining about how using a bed bug steamer doesn’t work. In almost all of these posts, the bed bug steamer didn’t work because it wasn’t used correctly.
Here’s how to use a bed bug steamer to get rid of your bed bugs:
If in a few days, you still see signs of bed bugs, steam again. If you still see bed bugs after two steam treatments, you should steam one more time, then follow-up with a bed bug spray. Remember though, do not steam again for while after using the chemical! If you want to steam again, call the spray manufacturer and ask them how long you should wait before using the steamer again.
Removing bed bugs using any method, including steam often requires multiple treatments. Don’t be discouraged if you have to steam a room 2-3 times to completely eliminate your bed bug infestation. Multiple treatments is common.
There are a number of steamers available on the market, some far more effective at killing bed bugs than others. To even further confuse matters, some steamers will claim they treat bed bugs, but really won’t. Others won’t claim they treat bed bugs but do! Here are a few things you need to pay attention to when selecting a bed bug steamer:
When using steam to kill bed bugs, you don’t want to be constantly having to refill it with water. You’ll want a steamer that holds around 1.5 liters of water (around a half gallon). This will give you about an hour of continuous steam. Steamers that hold less and generally less expensive, but you’ll need to weigh out the cost difference vs the inconvenience and time required to steam an entire room having to refill it every 20 – 30 minutes.
One key issue with steamers that require constant refilling is that while you are refilling, the bed bugs are moving. They can and will move into an area that was already steamed once it has cooled down (while you are refilling). Because of this, we highly recommend purchasing the largest capacity steamer you can afford.
To minimize the amount of water usage and reduce the risk of mold and mildew, you’ll want a “dry” steamer. One that produces steam with about a 5% water by volume. This will still effectively penetrate and kill bed bugs, but also allow the areas being treated to dry much faster, and significantly decrease the risk of mold and mildew.
Effective bed bug steamers have a pressure adjustment. This allows you to adjust the amount of pressure coming out of the tip of the steamer. Pressure adjustment is important so that you can adjust the pressure to fit the surface or item being treated. For example, couches, mattresses and pillows would require more pressure, while hard wood furniture, carpet and box springs, less pressure.
The risk of too much pressure is literally blowing the bed bugs around instead of killing them. Too much pressure will not allow the heat from the steam to contact the bed bugs long enough before just blowing them around. Many, so called bed bug steamers, don’t have a pressure adjustment are therefore are often ineffective.
The number of and types of attachments that come with the unit or that are available is important. The attachments will allow you to most effective put the steam where the bed bugs are to kill them. Important attachments include the clothes steamer attachment and jet tip attachment.
A clothes steamer attachment works great on sheets, curtains, mattresses and box springs. A jet tip attachment is great for getting in corners, trim, and furniture.
Last, but certainly not least, is temperature – probably the single most important consideration. If the steam temperature at the point at which the steam hits the bed bugs doesn’t exceed 120 degrees, the steam will not kill the bed bugs. There are many steamers on the market, but the majority of them cannot produce continuous steam in excess of 120 degrees. Many steamers will “burst” hot steam, but not produce it consistently. The risk here is that you will miss areas between bursts. Missing areas results in a bed bug infestation that remains.
You’ll want to purchase a steamer that produces at a bare minimum 120 degree temperatures at the tip of the attachment consistantly. We recommend buying a steamer that exceeds 170 degrees the tip to be most effective. The
There are a number of steamers available on the market, but only a small number are effective at killing bed bugs. Here are the best bed bug steamers using the criteria from our buyer’s guide: